Several frameworks have been developed to help carry out the process of reflection in a structured way. Some of these are described by Girot (2001). The following checklist of questions, based on three main questions, combines elements from some of these frameworks and could be a useful starting point if you are unfamiliar with reflective writing:
- is the purpose of returning to this situation?
- exactly happened, in your own words?
- did you see? did you do?
- were you trying to achieve?
- were the reasons for the way you responded?
- beliefs and values influenced your actions?
- assumptions did you make?
- were your feelings at this time?
- are your feelings now? Are there differences? Why?
- “good” emerged from the situation e.g. for self, others?
- troubles you, if anything?
- were your experiences in comparison to your colleagues, etc.?
- were the feelings of others involved? How do you know?
- are the main reasons for feeling differently from your colleagues, etc.?
- knowledge did or should have informed you?
- are the implications for you, others involved.?
- needs to happen to alter the situation?
- happens if you decide not to alter anything?
- might you do differently if faced with a similar situation again?
- would be the consequences of alternative actions for yourself, others?
- information do you need to face a similar situation?
- are the best ways of getting it?