Choose the main points (3 max. in a 10 minute presentation)
These should reflect your objectives and take account of your audience’s needs.
Arrange main points in a logical, structured way which is relevant to the subject:
e.g. chronological, cause/effect, problem/solution.
Choose supporting information to:
• add clarity - explain complex terms through concrete examples, illustrations; remind audience of supporting themes
• add authority - quote experts; make connections with other people’s work; offer evidence from research
• add colour - video clips/slides; practical examples; analogies
• Decide best way to present this information.
• Establish linking statements to show how main points fit together
• Develop your opening:
• introduce yourself
• capture the audience’s interest, establish a relationship
• say what you will be talking about and how
• say what you hope to achieve
• say what you expect of the audience – to listen, take notes, ask questions (during, after?)
• inspire confidence
Develop your ending:
• review the subject area
• summarise the main points and the process
• draw the points to a conclusion/judgement
• leave a lasting impression
• Does your presentation meet your objectives?
• Is it logically structured?
• Is it targeted at the right level?
• Is it too long/short?
• linear notes or index cards? - and keep in right order
• note main headings and key words as prompts
• smile, be welcoming
• check comfort levels
• look for non-verbal signs of confusion/boredom
• address audience directly, don’t read from notes
• check understanding
• invite questions
• show confidence through posture and body language
• maintain eye contact
• use controlled gestures to welcome, include, emphasise, indicate ending