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Harvard Referencing Guide: Short Quotations

Direct Quotations - Short

Direct Quotations - Short

Short Quotations

Short direct quotations (no more than three lines of text) should be enclosed in quotation marks and embedded into your own work.  Remember that the sentence(s) must be grammatically correct.

 

Note:

  • You may use either double or single quotes, but you must be consistent throughout your work.
  • You should give the :
    • Author.
    • Year of publication.
    • Page number(s) / URL that the quotation was taken from.

 

Example 1

In-text citations

Author in the general narrative

According to Avery (2005, p. 108), "vision is often regarded as central to leadership, primarily because it provides an organization with clarity about its purpose and direction".

 

 Author in parenthesis

... and therefore "vision is often regarded as central to leadership, primarily because it provides an organization with clarity about its purpose and direction" (Avery, 2005, p. 108).

 

Full reference for the Reference List / Bibliography

Avery, G.C. (2005) Understanding leadership. London: Sage Publications.

 

 

 

Example 2

 

In-text citations

 

Author in the general narrative

Jones (2012, p. 245) states that "many of the facts in this case are incorrect".

 

Author in parenthesis

There is evidence to suggest that “many of the facts in this case are incorrect” (Jones, 2012, p. 245).

Harvard Referencing Guide: A - Z